Record Keeping- Phoenicians


Brazil Three Mesopotamia One

Similar Geography and Climate- Sumerians 

Social Organizations (Tools and Warfare) Assyrians

Social Organizations (Religions) The Chaldeans- Neo Babylonians

Record Keeping: Phoenicians



The way the Mesopotamian record keeping and trade connects to the material and non-material elements is that they had luxury goods- depending on the class, homes, and they also made cuneiform tablets that were material goods. They migrated- trying to found new city states, using transportation, which was a really important luxury.

Mesopotamians had a great record keeping system that helped them be organized. First let's compare differences between schools. Girls here at Graded get the same amount of education as boys but in Mesopotamia only a few boys, the sons of wealthy, could learn to read and write. Mostly, people had to rely on others for information. While some boys got to learn, girls learned their jobs with their mothers so they could run a house later on. But, there was also a negative part to it; everything had to be perfect because if you made a mistake when writing something you could be beaten. At Graded, almost all the parents have at least high school education and a great number for them have graduated from college and many have an advanced degree. In Mesopotamia, they created the first writing system. They wrote on clay tablets and the scribes studied for many years. The scribes were this group of young boys that were chosen to learn astronomy, mathematics and literature. Writing was used in record keeping of food, religious ceremonies, laws and more. The system they invented is still used now. Tt was really important for the world.

The Mesopotamians not only created systems for writing but also mathematics. The sexigensimal system was their math system with a base of 60. It had specific symbols for 36,000, 3,600, 600, 60 and 10.  It was used to keep records of goods and astronomy. We use this system in 60-minute hours, 24-hour days and 360 degree circles. Normally, we use the decimal system with 10 different symbols called digits, the numbers 0 through 9. The Babylonians also started geometry, and knew the general rules for measuring area and volume. They knew how to find the circumference of a circle and used Pi as 3 1/8. Nowadays, we know how to figure out the area and volume of most geometric shapes. Today, Pi is equal to 3.14159. Mathematics is a great creation and we thank Mesopotamians for our math today.

Do you like to travel? Or even go on a car ride? People in Mesopotamia went on rides… but they were nothing like what we take today! Vehicles were something very important in Mesopotamia, they helped for trading which was one of the ways they used to discover new places like “moving on” They wanted to discover more places to sell. Of course, they needed more money to take care of their families, to buy houses and food. Instead of cruises, oil ships, or even submarines, they used little wooden ships that looked like Viking ships to transport goods in the   gulfs and seas! Instead of using cars, bikes, and trucks like we do, they used chariots--carts with two wheels that were attached to horses or other types of animals. Well, this might sound stupid but to make it clear, there were absolutely no air vehicles in Mesopotamia. These are a few of the things and reasons they did travel and transport things.

Here at Graded, we have an encouraging point of view on our lives. It’s sometimes hard but we believe that things will get better later on. We believe that we have choices in our lives. We think we are going to have a good future where many things are likely to happen. Students think that they have to benefit from the age they are. In the most part, the Mesopotamians’ world view was negative. But the positive effect of it was mostly for the world, since we use and improved what they have started for us. Some parts for the Mesopotamians were not so good because only a few people knew how to read and write, and had to rely on others for information. For schools, the good side depended if you were a male or female and which class you were in.

Picture: “Phoenician Record Keeping” Fortune City. 2008. April 26, 2008


by K.B, G.P and A.L